Mt. Everest is part of the Himalaya mountain range along the border of Nepal and Tibet. It is located 27° 59' North latitude, 86° 55' East longitude.Everest (also known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Qomolangma) is the Earth's highest mountain."Mt. Qomolungma" which literally means "The Third Goddess". It is interesting to know that the Tibetans did't name this peak Mount Everest, it is named by the British after George Everest.
The current official height of 8,848 m (29,029 ft) as recognized by Nepal and China was established by a 1955 Indian survey and subsequently confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975.
In the area of 5,000 square kilometers around the mountain, there are four peaks being more than 8,000 meters high and 38 peaks being more than 7,000 meters high,Thus it is reputed as the Third Pole on the Earth.
Mount Everest attracts many highly experienced mountaineers as well as capable climbers willing to hire professional guides. There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the standard route) and the other from the north in Tibet. While not posing substantial technical climbing challenges on the standard route, Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness, weather, wind as well as significant objective hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall.
While the overwhelming majority of climbers will use bottled oxygen in order to reach the top, some climbers have summitted Everest without supplemental oxygen.
At the summit, the temperature can be 100°F below zero. But on a good summit day, a climber can expect around -15°F