Gyantse Dzong or Gyantse Fortress is one of the best preserved dzongs in Tibet, perched high above the town of Gyantse on a huge spur of grey brown rock. The Gyantse's town fort sitting upon a hill just north of Gyantse town on China-Nepal Highway.
Gyantse is often referred to by the Chinese as the "Hero City" because of the determined resistance of the Tibetans against far superior forces during the British expedition to Tibet of 1903 and 1904.
The British used massive firepower to defeat a much less powerful Tibetan army here and a part of the fort was blown up during the battle.
The victory was followed by widespread and sanctioned looting and plundering the dzong and nearby monasteries by the British troops. The "sanctioned plundering was subsequently hushed up".
The dead Tibetan defenders were "lying in heaps," and it took a major effort using prisoners to drag all the bodies away.
The fort is partly ruined, but there are still some things to see. There is an interesting Anti-British Imperialists Museum here displaying a version of the facts of the 1904 British invasion of Tibet and a major battle that took place.